Housed in the case, you will find the floppy drive, cd rom drive, and the main components of the computer. Central processing unit is the brain of your computer, the more powerful it is, the better the performance and the faster the response times will be. The programs that you use such as wordprocessing and the program that runs your computer the operating system are stored on the cpu s hard disk. Legacy free motherboards intel along with chipset manufacturers like via, nvidia, and others have dropped support for isa slots, serial and parallel ports, infrared, ps2 ports, and floppy drives but many motherboards on the market today that use these new chipsets include other chips to still support some of these legacy features. Regarding computing power, the cpu is the most important element of a computer system. Computer hardware refers to the physical parts or components of a computer such as the monitor, mouse. Cpu grabs a block of information from memory each time. A brief description of most important cpu s registers and their functions are given below. Cpu alternates communication between two or more memory banks bursting. It determines how fast your computer will run and is measured by its mhz speed. Memory how the processor stores and uses immediate data. Cursor the pointer, usually an arrow or crossshaped, controlled by the mouse.
Computer components any kind of computers consists of hardware and software. Any part that we can see or touch is the hard ware. A computer program is made up of instructions and when the program is. All of the 3 type of socket are zif zero insert force socket the cpu can be inserted in to the socket with out having to be forced. Central processing unit cpu cpu is the heart and brain it interprets and executes machine level instructions controls data transfer fromto main memory mm and cpu detects any errors in the following lectures, we will learn. Internal bay is concealed entirely within the system unit. The input devices translate the information into a form understandable by the computer. If a computer is not available, draw a diagram on the blackboard or distribute pictures. Show the various parts of a computer and explain their functions. It is used either of the way components of computer pdf file download here, it is very useful for bank computer knowledge section. Ppt chapter 12 cpu structure and function powerpoint. This other is brought to you for free and open access by the. Lecture3 controlunit,alu,andmemory inthislecturewedevelopmodelsforthecontrolunit,aluandmemory.
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. An input device is used to enter the data and instructions into the computer. As the disk spins inside the computer, the data on the disk is accessed. Thus a 600 mhz pentium is much faster than say a 400 mhz pentium cpu. All computer systems are composed of hardware components and software components and require a cpu and a to function true truefalse. Components that conduct electricity in only one direction integrated circuits or ics. Structure and functions of cpu in computer architecture. A motherboard or also know as system board, is the main circuit board of the system. About basic computer hardware every part of your computer is the result of years of research and development. Instruction representation data transfer mechanism between mm and cpu. Ppt computer parts powerpoint presentation free to. The picture shows the major hardware components of a computer system. It controls the operation of all parts of the computer. The cpu zs detection engine is now available for customized use through the.
Parts that were once hand made at a cost of thousands of manhours are now mass produced for a fraction of a rupee. The palm reading free pdf active part of the computer, the part that does. The modern processors are available in 32 bit and 64 bit. Function of this basic electronic components is to store electrical charge in an electrical field diodes. All you need to design and produce pcbs, and much more programs. Ppt computer hardware powerpoint presentation free to. Download to transfer data from one computer to another. The front portion of the monitor is called the screen, or display. As mentioned before, the cpu consists of the alu and cu. Parts of a computer and their functions pdf computers, in spite of different layouts or new component designs. Cpu registers and their functions registers are arguably the most important components of cpu. What are the key components of a computer and their function.
The central processing unit cpu is the brain of your computer. Crash a system malfunction in which the computer stops working and has to be restarted. Our new crystalgraphics chart and diagram slides for powerpoint is a collection of over impressively designed datadriven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look that todays audiences expect. Components of computer pdf file download bank computer. The largest collection of symbols in the network in pdf format. Because multi core processors are now the norm it is bec. Some of these are the hard drive, motherboard and the processor chip cpu. In this lesson you will learn about the main parts of a. The processors function is to control the activities of the computer system. Parts and function of computer linkedin slideshare. Parts of a computer and their functions pdf download. Processor name and number, codename, process, package, cache levels. It filters and amplifies network frequency and selects the home network.
When a computer is performing the tasks that a program tells it to do, we say that. Cpu registers and their functions cpu registers and. The nvjpeg library enables the following functions. Memory type, size, timings, and module specifications spd. The performance of a cpu can be affected by 4 different quantities. All you need to do is just click on the download link and get it. External bay allows user to access opening in the bay from outside the system unit. Introduction to cputhe central processing unit cpu is the portion of a computer system that carries out the instructions of a computer program, to perform the basic arithmetical, logical, and input and output operations of the system. The information handled by a computer instruction govern the transfer information within a computer as well as. Cpu central processing unit cpu is considered as the brain of the computer. Introduction to computers components and their functions.
Ecosystem ppt powerpoint presentation pdf download. For performing these functions, computer systems consist of input devices, a central processing unit cpu and output devices. It stores data, intermediate results and instructionsprogram. Whatever exam you used to study computer has become an important part in their life.
Cpu registers and their functions cpu registers and their. Components of a central processing unit cpu the central processing unit cpu, the brain of a computer, is a piece of hardware that carries out the instructions of a computer program. The cpu central processing unit referred to as the brain, functions on the list of instructions provided by the computer program. The cpu uses the monitor to show us photos, movies and games. However, other connected printed circuit boards may contain their own preprocessing or postprocessing cpus, to take some of the load off of the motherboard. Computer hardware includes all the electrical, mechanical, and the electronic parts of a computer. It is also known as the main board, system board, base board and planar board. Computer hardware is organized according to these basic functions. Functions and components of the central processing unit cpu. Pc the personal computer pc defines a computer designed for general use by a single person. Central processing unit the most important component of any electronic computer is the central processing unit. Structure and functions of cpu free download as powerpoint presentation. The processing chip that is the brain of a computer.
Engineers tasked with designing complex systems typically require workstations as their computer systems. A computer has many components, each with their own roles and functions. Components of the system unit home page university of. Busses the processor cpu the cpu or processor acts as the controller of all actions or services provided by the system. It does all the tasks that we want the computer to do. A microelectronic computer electronic circuit incorporated into a chip or semiconductor. Central processing unit 5 need for speed when speed is of utmost importance, e.
Any digital computer carries out five functions in gross terms. Cpu performs all types of data processing operations. Central processing unit 3 intel pc cpu s mainstream mainstream chip family. The cpu central processing unit is normally an intel pentium or equivalent and it is one of the most important components within your computer.
The cpu central processing unit is the device that interprets and executes instructions. This part of the computer system that visually communicates with the user. Current family of intel cpu s from the core family. The term hardware refers to all of the physical devices, or components, that a computer is made. All of the components and pathways necessary for the movement of data around the processor are etched on this single chip. Cpu or central processing unit is the main processing component of a computer system in microcomputers, the cpu is the main microprocessor. A poweron selftest post for all of the different hardware components in the.
The components of a cpu work together, and depending on how they are made, determine exactly how fast these operations can be carried out along with how complex the operations can be. Above a fancooled heat sink on the processor of a pc. By cutting out a lot of technical and manual searching, this handy freeware generates a list of information. It stores data, intermediate results, and instructions program. Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. A bus is a group of wires on the main circuit board of the computer. Drive bay is a regular opening that typically holds disk drives. The system unit system unit is case that has electronic components of the computer used to process data. The processor cpu a processor is an integrated circuit ic supplied on a single silicon chip. Modems, disk drives, printers, scanners, keyboards.
Computer hardware refers to the physical parts or components of a computer such as the. The cpu consists of a control unit, registers, the arithmetic and logic unit, the instruction execution unit, and the interconnections among these components. The hardware are the parts of computer itself including the central processing unit cpu and related microchips and microcircuitry, keyboards, monitors, case and drives. Additional power connectors run from the power supply in the computer to those devices. At the heart of every computer lies the cpu, or central processing unit, which is responsible for carrying out arithmetic and logic functions as well as executing instructions to other components. Computer hardware includes computer hardware includes 3 system unit 3 peripheral devices 3 input devices i. Topics youll need to know to pass the quiz include.
Cpu z is a freeware that gathers information on some of the main devices of your system. Winner of the standing ovation award for best powerpoint templates from presentations magazine. It handles all the instructions you give your computer, and the faster it does this, the better. A bay is an opening inside the system unit in which you can install additional equipment. At the most basic level, a computer is a device consisting of three pieces. Mar 23, 2017 di video ini saya menjelaskan komponen komponen dari cpu beserta fungsinya. For consultation and interpretation of components, devices and electrical and electronic circuit.
Cpu z yields an impressive data sheet of a computer systems functions and operations. Functions of an ecosystem conservation of forest the ten global threats to ecosystem viability references here we are giving you ecosystem ppt with pdf. What are the different internal parts of a cpu and their. Cpu critical to performance this can be a bottleneck in the computer performance multiple methods used to speed up data traveling between the memory and the cpu interleaving. Computer hardware is the collection of physical elements that constitutes a computer system. The role of the motherboard is to allow all these components to communicate with each other. This register holds the address in memory where cpu wants to read or write data. Socket a or called socket 462, this socket is for cpu amd athlon and duron. Real time measurement of each cores internal frequency, memory frequency. The main functions of the microprocessor cpu clips includes the. Computer fundamentals pdf free download parts software. Demonstrate the function of each part of the computer. Think about some of the different ways that people use computers.
Chart and diagram slides for powerpoint beautifully designed chart and diagram s for powerpoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. It performs the basic arithmetic, logic, and inputoutput operations of a. Cpu central processing unit the brain of your computer and is arguably maybe the most critical component, as a slow processor will always result in a slow computer. Considering the fact that all the other components are installed on the motherboard or connected to it, it is safe to say that the. Although s ome computations may be offloaded to other parts of the computer, the cpu remains the central area of computation. Computer parts can be divided into two groups, hardware and software. Pdf in computer architecture, a bus related to the latin omnibus, meaning for all is a communication system. Peripherals are devices that connect to the system unit and is controlled by the processor in the computer.
Computer literacy part 3 computer types and functions. The operations of a cpu can be reduced into the following. All the physical and tangible components of computer are called hardware. Org ii, spring 2012 3 example computer organization ii, spring 2012, tiina niklander 6. Socket 370 this socket is for cpu pentium iii, celeron ii and cyrix c3, 3. Parts of the computer basic components case or tower this is the plastic box that contains the computer. The clock speed of the processor is the number of fde cycles it can perform per second, for example 3. Cpu s major arithmeticlogic unit is alu that performs the arithmetic and logic functions required in computer processing. Structure and functions of cpu central processing unit. While a mac is a pc, most people relate the term with systems that run the. The cpu transfers instructions and, when necessary their input data, called operands, from. This quiz and corresponding worksheet will help you gauge your understanding of cpu features and function.
Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Either you will be applying online with the help of computer or attend the exam online or study the material through system. When cpu wants to store some data in the memory or. A cpu is a complex integration of millions of transistors that execute program instructions and manipulate data. Desktop the shaded or colored backdrop of the screen. It is found near the anteena switch in the network section of a mobile phone. Monitor cpu cpu central processing unit is the most important part of a computer. It controls the operation of all parts of computer.1517 442 899 1337 1484 1376 959 1403 502 813 429 90 413 219 619 1514 825 421 474 1196 1431 1000 126 156 471 94 1044 385 1099 969 1137 723