Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the library of congress catalog. The close connection between risktaking and sensation seeking is established already in the definition of sensation seeking. In order to determine athletes sensation seeking levels, arnett inventory of sensation seeking developed by arnett 1994 and in order to determine their risk taking behavior, risk. It was created in 1964 by marvin zuckerman, at the university of delaware. Its expression in risky behaviors such as extreme and risky sports, vocations, substance abuse, unsafe sex, and crime, among others, is the topic of this fascinating and accessible book. Multiple regression analyses showed perceived peer behavior and sensation seeking to be strong predictors of risky behavior, particularly in the areas of. The sample group consisted of 200 people who were chosen by the multistage random cluster sampling method among the students of islamic azad university bandar abbas branch. It is believed to peak at around age 16 12, 28, is usually greater in males than females 2932 and.
Not all sensation seeking activities are risky and not everyone who takes risks does so because of this behavior trait. Risky behavior can be an expression of a normal, genetically influenced personality trait, sensation seeking. Clement and jonah 1984, furnham and saipe 1993 and rimmo and aberg 1999 also found a positive relationship between sensation seeking, risky driving behavior and the frequency of crimes and harsh behaviors. This study was aimed at achieving a better understanding of the role of the mediation of risk evaluation between personality and risktaking behavior. The purpose of our study was to find out how much risky behaviour is common. Studies the relationship of sensation seeking to alcohol use and risktaking behavior in a sample of college women. The the ssast has 36 adjective items and two factors, including positiveaffect ss items. Sensation seeking and risky behavior by marvin zuckerman. Sensation seeking scale fall 2009 washington state magazine. Behavior is a correlate of sensation seeking and not an essential part of the.
Combined associations with risky sexual behavior in a large sample of young adults richard charnigo, seth m. In their search for novel and intense sensations and experiences, sensation seekers take various kinds of risks zuckerman, 1979a, b. People who are high in sensation seeking are attracted to the unknown and as a result consistently seek the new, varied, and unpredictable. When risktaking behavior values were high, sensation seeking requirement values were regarded to be high. In sensation seeking and risky behavior, marvin zuckerman offers a comprehensive account.
Risktaking and sensation seeking in military contexts. Urgency, premeditation lack of, perseverance lack of, sensation seeking, positive urgency, impulsive behavior scale. Withinperson variability in sensationseeking during. Preventing multiple risky behaviors among adolescents.
Sensation seek ing is not a universal motive in all those who engage in such activities, but it is a strong trait in those who voluntarily. High trait impulsive sensation seeking iss is common in 1825year olds, and is associated with risky decisionmaking and deleterious outcomes. Travel to see a beautiful sight might be sensation seeking but is not risky. A crosscultural study abraham pizam, ganghoan jeong, arie reichel, hermann van boemmel, jean marc lusson, lizl steynberg, olimpia statecostache, serena volo, claudia kroesbacher, jana kucerova, and nuria montmany. Marvin zuckerman risky behavior can be an expression of a normal, genetically influenced personality traitsensation seeking. Adolescents tendency towards risktaking behaviors case study. The association between sensation seeking and wellbeing. Marvin zuckerman risky behavior can be an expression of a normal, genetically influenced personality trait sensation seeking.
Results engagement in all health risk behaviors was statistically higher in adolescents with high level of sensation seeking and low level of selfefficacy and was lowest in. Pdf ageism, sensationseeking, and risktaking behavior in. Sensation seeking has been studied in terms of its relationship to substance use 416, sexual risk taking 1721, and psychopathology 5, 2227 among adolescents. Brief sensation seeking scale bsss another version of the sensation seeking scale is the brief sensation seeking scale bsss. Risktaking behavior measured in a driving simulation task was affected by state of intoxication. Relationship between risk taking behaviour, personality and. Role of selfefficacy and sensationseeking in predicting. There was no significant difference in tas and bs between the groups table 2. A main interest in early studies on risky behavior was how individuals deal with risk in a group. Examining risktaking behavior and sensation seeking. The uppsp model of impulsivity proposes that impulsivity as a multifaceted and multidimensional construct, comprising five impulsive personality traits. Risky behavior can be an expression of a normal, genetically influenced personality traitsensation seeking.
There are good reasons for this as the sensationseeking motive can. Sensation seeking scores from the sss have been linked to many risktaking behavioural expressions. Dec 15, 2006 sensation seeking and risky behavior book. Sensation seeking and selfefficacy effect on adolescents. A study conducted on children using a brief sensation seeking scale for children bsssc suggested that children high on sensation seeking would run a high risk of engaging in risky behavior at a young age. Sensation seeking has been associated with participation of number of risky activities 7 8 including. First, we use daily sensation seeking scales that reliably capture withinperson variability in sensation seeking to test the withinperson hypothesis that days of higher than usual sensation seeking are days of higher than usual alcohol. Risk evaluation and risky behavior of high and low. A more powerful and costeffective approach may be to employ strategies designed to address factors associated with multiple risky behaviors. Sensation seeking psychology oxford bibliographies.
Pdf interplay between sensation seeking and risky alcohol. Participation in the stock market is perceived to be financially risky, but in the absence of trading, lacks novelty and variety. Noar, christopher garnett, richard crosby, philip palmgreen, and rick s. We extend understanding of the association between sensationseeking and risky behavior in multiple ways. Model 2 postulates that sensation seeking directly influences risky behavior, while risk appraisal is a consequence of the frequent engagement in risky behavior by high sensation seekers and the lack of experience in risky behavior by the low sensation seekers. A pathway linking reward circuitry, impulsive sensation. Sensation seeking and risky behavior computer file, 2007. However, most prior research has relied on selfreport assessments of ss, which are limited by subject biases and lack of insight. Results indicate that the personality trait of sensationseeking appears to play an important mediating role in alcohol use and associated risktaking behavior in young women. Sensation seeking, risk appraisal, and risky behavior.
This is an update to zuckerman 1994, emphasizing risky behavior. Withinperson variability in sensationseeking during daily. Studies the relationship of sensationseeking to alcohol use and risktaking behavior in a sample of college women. The relationship between risktaking, sensationseeking. In sensation seeking and risky behavior, marvin zuckerman offers a comprehensive account of the theory and research on sensation seeking, and a detailed examination of the role of sensation seeking in a wide range of behaviors, from risky driving and extreme sports to substance use. When risk taking behavior values increase d, sensation seeking requirement values arose as well. Selfregulatory efficacy scale, and health behavior questionnaire for risky driving, alcohol and marijuana use. Relationship between risk taking behaviour, personality. The zuckerman sensation seeking scale sss results of the performed measurements are presented in tables 2 and 3. The sensation seeking scale is one of the most common psychological instrument for measuring sensation seeking. According to zuckermans 1994 theory, sensation seeking is a trait defined by the seeking of varied, novel, complex, and intense sensations and experiences and the willingness to take physical, social, legal, and. It may be that individuals high in sensation seeking are more likely to exhibit risk behaviors, such as drinking and drug use, or that individuals who begin exhibiting risky behaviors then become prone to wanting higher sensation experiences.
This has gone through a few iterations and is currently on its. It was based on the idea that there were consistent individual differences in optimal levels of stimulation and arousal, and that these differences could be measured with a questionnaire. First, we use daily sensationseeking scales that reliably capture withinperson variability in sensationseeking to test the withinperson hypothesis that days of higher than usual sensationseeking are days of higher than usual alcohol. Risk evaluation and risky behavior of high and low sensation. Zuckerman created the scale with the purpose of better understanding personality traits such as neuroticism, antisocial behavior, and psychopathy. Risk evaluation and risky behavior of high and low sensation seekers this study was aimed at achieving a better understanding of the role of the mediation of risk evaluation between personality and risktaking behavior. A total sss score is also frequently employed in studies of sensation seeking. Risk taking behaviors of sensation seeking personalities. Sexual sensation seeking and risky sexual behavior among south african university students this study investigated the association between the personality dispositions of sexual sensation seeking sss and nonsexual experience seeking nonses, and risky sexual behaviors among 308 sexually active south african university students. Sensation seeking and risky behavior marvin zuckerman. The role of sensationseeking in alcohol use and risktaking. Despite the fact that pathological gambling is classified as an impulsive control disorder in the dsmiv, relatively little empirical research has investigated the relationship between gambling and impulsivity. Sensation seeking and participation in physical risk sports. Ptsd and sensation seeking tendency to risk behavior as protective or risk factor 23 2 rtomphfm205 ptsd and sensation seeking the present study analyses the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder ptsd and sensation seeking in a sample of 292 members of the german armed forces.
Pdf examining risktaking behavior and sensation seeking. Another scale that may be useful for this purpose is the antisocialstimulus seeking ant. Apr 18, 2017 high trait impulsive sensation seeking iss is common in 1825year olds, and is associated with risky decisionmaking and deleterious outcomes. Sensation seeking definition sensation seeking is a personality trait defined by the degree to which an individual seeks novel and highly stimulating activities and experiences. Sexual sensation seeking and risky sexual behavior among. Ptsd and sensation seeking tendency to risk behavior as. Risktaking is not the main point of sensation seeking behavior. Sensation seeking is a personality trait defined by the search for experiences and feelings, that are varied, novel, complex and intense, and by the readiness to take physical, social, legal, and financial risks for the sake of such experiences. Impulsivity refers to a lack of selfcontrol or deficiencies in response inhibition. The subscales that we utilized in this study address a criticism that using the sssv when studying risk behaviors is a serious confounding factor, and casts doubt on the nature of the relationship between these types of behavior and sensation seeking because of the similarity in sensation seeking items and risk behaviors 38 p. Many studies have linked sensation seeking with risky behavior zuckerman, 2007, including risky driving. Table of contents for sensation seeking and risky behavior by marvin zuckerman. Relationship between risky driving behavior and sensation. Although impulsivity and sensation seeking may each affect risktaking, they are not the same thing.
Impulsivity, sensation seeking, and risktaking behaviors. Sensation seeking and impulsivity are two constructs of personality that are generally believed to be associated with risky behavior, including gambling. Sensation seeking, overconfidence, and trading activity. Introduction sensation seeking requirement is described as a necessity for having. Since then, the theory behind the trait has developed with research. Risky behavior can be an expression of a normal, gene. Risk is not an essential part of the trait, as many activities associated with it are not risky. Contents data are machine generated based on prepublication provided by the publisher. Adolescent risk taking, impulsivity, and brain development. Although impulsivity and sensation seeking may each affect risk taking, they are not the same thing. Gambling behavior and pathology in relation to impulsivity. The structural equation modeling analyses suggested sensation seeking is a significant predictor for alcohol drinking behavior. Risktaking is not the main point of sensationseeking behavior.
The relationship between risktaking, sensationseeking, and. This study evaluated the relationships between sensation seeking and impulsivity, appraisal of risk in several areas including crime, financial, social violations, sports, and risk of aids from sexual activity, and risky behavior in the same areas. Risk evaluation and risky behavior of high and low sensation seekers. Behavioral expressions and biosocial bases of sensation seeking. Not all sensationseeking activities are risky and not everyone who takes risks does so because of this behavior trait. Sensation seeking predicting growth in adolescent problem. Zuckerman has pursued the conceptualization and measurement of sensation seeking with such success that it is beginning to take its place alongside such longestablished concepts as introversion and extraversion. Sensation seeking, risktaking, adolescence, alcohol and drug use, sex. Sensation seeking, in contrast, refers to the tendency to seek. Risky behavior can be an expression of a normal, genetically influenced personality trait sensation seeking.
We extend understanding of the association between sensation seeking and risky behavior in multiple ways. Sensation seeking scale fall 2009 washington state. In the total score of this test, hivpositive group scored. Sensation seeking, risk appraisal, and risky behavior sciencedirect. The relationship between risktaking, sensationseeking, and the tourist behavior of young adults. Fiftyfive females and twenty males completed the sensation seeking scale sss and selfreport inventory of risk taking.
Behavioral measurement of sensation seeking shows positive. Clement and jonah 1984, furnham and saipe 1993 and rimmo and aberg 1999 also found a positive relationship between sensationseeking, risky driving behavior and the frequency of crimes and harsh behaviors. He relates sensation seeking to hyperactivity adhd, and also to both hypoarousal and arousability. The role of sensationseeking in alcohol use and risk. Sensation seeking and risky behavior american psychological. Table of contents for sensation seeking and risky behavior. Sensation seeking subscale of the uppsp impulsive behavior scale whiteside and lynam, 2001 to assess sensationseeking as it relates to risky behavior coskunpinar et al.446 926 847 1175 1230 233 1298 1522 299 604 1313 1443 699 1056 1007 1117 231 119 718 207 1069 1493 1084 1481 52 665 1325 1029 181 328 154 164 248 543 752 1331 641 663 852 1208 3 51